Many high-quality guides by well-intentioned people include checklists of questions to ask yourself or to tick down if you're on a website or reading a news item that you think might be fake or misleading. We will not include checklists on this page, though, because checklists are too prescriptive and are frequently based on older models of internet websites or demand people to spend far too long on one website. The news we encounter online is messier, so we're going to provide links to resources and strategies that are less formulaic and cultivate critical habits of mind.
Fact-checking websites can be useful as a starting point for identifying suspect news stories; however, not all stories or headlines will be included and they are no substitute for thinking critically and being information literate/media savvy. The websites listed below are describe themselves as non-partisan or independent.