What is "fake news"? In the not-so-distant past, fake news was often used to describe satirical or parody news outlets, such as The Onion or The Daily Show. However, during the 2016 US presidential election "cycle there was an influx of misinformation from websites that, while looking official and credible, were fabricating stories and data to increase their page views. Unlike satire news sites like the Onion, these sites appear official and often even spoof well-known popular news outlets. The term 'fake news,' however, has become more complicated as it gets conflated with media bias and other criticisms of mainstream media. In early 2017, use of the term has become a way to discredit news sources that an individual disagrees with." (Tim Miller) I am using quotation marks around the phrase "fake news" since the meaning has changed recently and may do so more in the future.
Besides satirical news, there are some related terms to "fake news" defined below:
Misleading news or information
Highly partisan news sites or social media accounts